This is the same dichotomy Americans can observe between the middle classes and the lower classes . . . perhaps even between some middle class people and some upper class people, again with the middle class coming out better. It’s also observable as a distinction between generic “Western” societies and the societies in many “developing” or “Third World” countries, as well as being a distinction between reformed religions (such as mainstream Protestantism and, arguably, modern Roman Catholicism) and fundamentalist religions (meaning those which attach religious significance to rigid social definitions).
Personally, I think about this every time I catch something in the news about some people killing each over stupid political squabbles. Usually, the US news highlights such things happening in other countries where Americans are supposedly responsible for “civilizing” the natives.