Spengler Translation Notes 1

See the page for this project here.

As prelude to translating a portion of Oswald Spengler’s Der Untergang des Abendlandes, here is an inventory of my resources:

Spengler, Oswald. Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Unabridged special edition in one volume; date of printing not shown. München: Beck, 1923.

Spengler, Oswald. The Decline of the West. Translated by Charles Francis Atkinson. Volumes 1-2. New York: Knopf, 1926/1928. From the 1922 edition published by Beck.

Spengler, Oswald. Der Mensch und die Technik.  München: Beck, 1931.

Hughes, H. Stewart. Oswald Spengler: A Critical Estimate. New York: Scribner’s, 1952.

Wahrig, Gerhard. Deutsches Wörterbuch. München: Mosaik, 1985.

Several German and English electronic editions of Spengler’s works are available at the Internet Archive.

My first task was to do an overview of Spengler’s use of the terms Physiognomie, Physiognomik, and physiognomisch/e/er/es/en; then Psychologie and psychologisch/e/er/es/en. I used the index and the Google Books version of my one-volume edition, found here.

Physiognomie

Google Books: 135, 155, 177, 180, 186, 204, 206, 207, 208, 226, 315, 340, 367, 513, 690, 694, 708, 709, 727

Physiognomik

Google Books: xi, 69, 125, 135, 136, 138, 142, 146, 205, 209, 277, 286, 323, 338, 348, 405, 498, 545, 549, 589, 590, 597. (There are also additional pages that appear to be in the index, and indicate some differences in the back matter pagination between the print and online editions.)

Index: 64, 69, 135 ff., 142, 155, 208 f., 286, 545, 549, 590, 703, 707 f.. 727, 1108, 1147.

physiognomisch/e/er/es/en

Google Books:

[no ending] 15, 154, 171, 198, 277, 280, 346, 383, 384, 389, 893

[e] 135, 154, 172, 189, 706

[er] xv, 151, 202, 208, 247, 248, 345, 550, 584, 611

[es] [none]

[en] 140, 142, 152, 194, 200, 301, 339, 345, 348, 360, 369, 401, 481, 498

Psychologie

Google Books: xiii, 34, 62, 84, 161, 163, 277, 338, 381, 384, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 399, 401, 409, 443, 472, 482, 578, 598, 617, 620, 921

Index: 163, 381 ff., 409, 888

psychologisch/e/er/es/en

Google Books:

[no ending] 11, 409, 452, 487. 532. 700

[e] [none]

[er] 373, 396

[es] [none]

[en] 386, 390, 408, 734

I noted that the Index specifically gives references to Physiognomik as a contrast to Systematik, and Psychologie as a kind of Gegenphysik [anti-physics] (p. 163).

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