Spengler

This project is a result of a conversation that started here and here.

Bibliography

As prelude to translating a portion of Oswald Spengler’s Der Untergang des Abendlandes, here is an inventory of resources:

Spengler, Oswald. Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Unabridged special edition in one volume; date of printing not shown. München: Beck, 1923.

Spengler, Oswald. The Decline of the West. Translated by Charles Francis Atkinson. Volumes 1-2. New York: Knopf, 1926/1928. From the 1922 edition published by Beck.

Spengler, Oswald. Der Mensch und die Technik.  München: Beck, 1931.

Hughes, H. Stewart. Oswald Spengler: A Critical Estimate. New York: Scribner’s, 1952.

Wahrig, Gerhard. Deutsches Wörterbuch. München: Mosaik, 1985.

Several German and English electronic editions of Spengler’s works are available at the Internet Archive.

Atkinson translations:

(Vol 1)

http://www.archive.org/stream/Decline-Of-The-West-Oswald-Spengler/Decline_Of_The_West#page/n57/mode/2up/search/enunciated

(Vol 2)

http://archive.org/stream/declineofwest02spenuoft#page/140/mode/2up/search/acceptation

Translation Notes

My first task was to do an overview of Spengler’s use of the terms Physiognomie, Physiognomik, and physiognomisch/e/er/es/en; then Psychologie and psychologisch/e/er/es/en. I used the index and the Google Books version of my one-volume edition, found here.

Physiognomie

Google Books: 135, 155, 177, 180, 186, 204, 206, 207, 208, 226, 315, 340, 367, 513, 690, 694, 708, 709, 727

Physiognomik

Google Books: xi, 69, 125, 135, 136, 138, 142, 146, 205, 209, 277, 286, 323, 338, 348, 405, 498, 545, 549, 589, 590, 597. (There are also additional pages that appear to be in the index, and indicate some differences in the back matter pagination between the print and online editions.)

Index: 64, 69, 135 ff., 142, 155, 208 f., 286, 545, 549, 590, 703, 707 f.. 727, 1108, 1147.

physiognomisch/e/er/es/en

Google Books:

[no ending] 15, 154, 171, 198, 277, 280, 346, 383, 384, 389, 893

[e] 135, 154, 172, 189, 706

[er] xv, 151, 202, 208, 247, 248, 345, 550, 584, 611

[es] [none]

[en] 140, 142, 152, 194, 200, 301, 339, 345, 348, 360, 369, 401, 481, 498

Psychologie

Google Books: xiii, 34, 62, 84, 161, 163, 277, 338, 381, 384, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 399, 401, 409, 443, 472, 482, 578, 598, 617, 620, 921

Index: 163, 381 ff., 409, 888

psychologisch/e/er/es/en

Google Books:

[no ending] 11, 409, 452, 487. 532. 700

[e] [none]

[er] 373, 396

[es] [none]

[en] 386, 390, 408, 734

I noted that the Index specifically gives references to Physiognomik as a contrast to Systematik, and Psychologie as a kind of Gegenphysik [anti-physics] (p. 163).

Excerpt 1

From The Decline of the West (trans. Atkinson), p.45:

Systematic philosophy closes with the end of the 18th Century. Kant put its utmost possibilities in forms both grand in themselves and – as a rule – final for the Western soul. He is followed, as Plato and Aristotle were followed, by a specifically megalopolitan philosophy that was not speculative but practical, irreligious, social-ethical. This philosophy… [illustrations: Schopenhauer, Wagner, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche] has embraced, therefore, all the possibilities of a true philosophy – and at the same time it has exhausted them.

Systematic philosophy, then, lies immensely far behind us, and ethical has been wound up. But a third possibility, corresponding to the Classical Scepticism, still remains to the soul-world of the present-day West, and it can be brought to light by the hitherto unknown methods of historical morphology … Its solutions are got by treating everything as relative, as a historical phenomenon, and its procedure is psychological.

I will translate the entire two paragraphs found on page 63 and 64 of the Beck single-volume edition, which correspond to the two paragraphs on page 45 of Atkinson’s translation of volume 1.
 

Instigate some pointless rambling

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